Probability And Statistics | Week 1
Probability And Statistics Week 1 Answers
Link : Probability And Statistics (nptel.ac.in)
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Q1) In a tuition batch of two students, probability that X will pass the exam is 1/4 and that of Y is 1/2 What is the probability that neither of X and Y will pass the exam? Assume that the outcomes of exams for X and Y are independent of each other.
Q2) Two dices are tossed together. What is the probability that the product of the number is either a prime number or is divisible by 2?
Q3) There are seven apples, five mangoes and ten guavas in a basket. Four fruits are selected at random one by one without replacement. What is the probability that first fruit drawn is a mango, second one is a guava and the third one is an apple and the fourth one is again a mango?
Q4) One ball is drawn at random from each of two baskets, where first basket contains 3 red and 5 black balls and second basket has 4 red and 7 black balls. What is the probability that both the balls are black?
Q5) A die is rolled twice independently. What is the probability that either the first throw shows a number less than or equal to 3 or the second throw shows at least 5.
Q6) From a pack of 52 cards, two cards are drawn together at random. What is the probability of both the cards being kings?
Q7) Let E₁, E₂, E3 be 3 independent events such that P(Ei) = 1 − 1/2i, i = 1,2,3. Then what is the probability that exactly two of the events occur?
Q8) Two independent events E and F are such that P(E ∩ F) =1/6 , P(E’ ∩ F’) = 1/3 and P(E)- P(F) > 0. Then P(F’)=
Q9) A box contains 1000 light bulbs. The probability that there is at least 1 defective bulb in the box is 0.1, and the probability that there are at least 2 defective bulbs is 0.05. Find the probability that the box contains at most 1 defective bulb?
(C) 0.95 – answerd by garima (comments)
Q10) Suppose Ω = sample space of the experiment where a three faced dice is thrown with prime numbers among numbers 1-6 as the faces. Consider
(A) A₁, A₂ and A3
(B) A₁ and A₂
(C) A₁ and A4
(D) A₁, A2, A3 and A4
Answer 9. (C) 0.95
Explanation – We can use complement rule for the probability of an event A to find the probability of its complement event, i.e. the event that A does not occur. The probability of at most 1 defective bulb is the complement of the event of having at least 2 defective bulbs, so it is given by:
P(at most 1 defective bulb) = 1 – P(at least 2 defective bulbs) = 1 – 0.05 = 0.95
Answer of 10th is option (a).
mention it 😎
10. A1 and A2 form a sigma field, as they satisfy the three properties of a sigma field